Health Matters

Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer, or colon cancer,  is a type of cancer that begins in the colon or rectum. These are parts of the digestive system that are responsible for processing and eliminating waste products from the body. When cells in either of these areas grow and divide abnormally, they can form a tumor that ultimately may become cancerous.

  • 1.9m

    new cases of colorectal cancer in 2020 (1)

  • 3rd

    most common cancer worldwide (1)


Symptoms of colorectal cancer can include changes in bowel habits, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss, as well as diarreha, constipation, or feeling that the bowel does not empty all the way. (2)

However, in many cases, there may be no symptoms present initially, making it important to receive regular screenings as recommended by your doctor.


While colorectal cancer can be a serious and potentially life-threatening condition, early detection and treatment can help improve outcomes and quality of life for those affected.

Complications may include:

– Blockage of the colon, causing bowel obstruction
– Cancer returning in the colon
– Cancer spreading to other organs or tissues (metastasis)
– Development of a second primary colorectal cancer


Treatment options for colorectal cancer typically depend on the stage of the cancer at the time of diagnosis. Surgery to remove the affected portions of the colon or rectum may be necessary, and radiation therapy or chemotherapy may be recommended in addition to or as an alternative to surgery.

Research continues to explore new treatment options and approaches for both early and advanced cases of colorectal cancer. In addition, ongoing efforts are underway to promote awareness and education about the importance of regular screening and early detection.

How to prevent health burden?

The greatest gift you can give yourself and your loved ones is a healthy you. Take care of your body and focus on living the highest quality of life you can through your daily choices.

At Acino, we have longstanding knowledge which we want to share with you. Explore our materials to raise your awareness, and make decisions to stay healthy and improve your quality of life.

Reduce your risk

Main risk factors for colorectal cancer: (3)

  • Lack of physical activity
  • Diet low in fruit and vegetables, low-fiber, high-fat, and high in red and processed meats diet
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Smoke or be regularly exposed to secondhand smoke
  • Some individuals may also be at increased risk due to a family history of colorectal cancer or certain genetic conditions.
  • Psychological stress including work stress

Lifestyle modifications: (4)

  • Do more regular physical activity
  • Reduce your body mass index (BMI)
  • Change your eating habits
  • Change your drinking habits (no or less alcohol, and good hydration)
  • Avoid tobacco

There is no single test that can detect colorectal cancer, but several screening methods exist that can help in early detection and prevention. These include stool tests, colonoscopies, and virtual colonoscopies.

When to see a doctor?

If you have concerns about your risk of developing colorectal cancer or any other health issues, speak with your doctor to discuss appropriate screening and prevention options. Get screened for colorectal cancer routinely, beginning at age 45.

Last update: 17 May 2023

1. World Cancer Research Fund International – Colorectal cancer statistics. accessed 16.05.2023
2. JAMA Network – Screening for Colorectal Cancer. accessed 17.05.2023
3. National Center for Biotechnology Information. accessed 17.05.2023
4. Colorectal cancer alliance. Colon Caner and Hydration. accessed 17.05.2023

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