Health Matters

Cardiovascular diseases

As a global pharmaceutical company committed to improving patients’ lives, Acino aims to inform and provide actionable advice to help you take control of your cardiovascular health.

Cardiovascular diseases, or diseases of heart and vessels, have collectively remained the leading causes of death worldwide.

  • 85%

    of cardiovascular deaths are due to heart attack and stroke (1)

  • 1/3

    of all global deaths are due to diseases of heart and vessels (1)

What are cardiovascular diseases?

Cardiovascular diseases are disorders involving the heart and blood vessels. They include atherosclerotic diseases, in which blood vessels are progressively obstructed by fatty deposits called plaques. There are different types of atherosclerotic diseases according to which blood vessels are obstructed:

  • Heart attack, or coronary heart disease, affects the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart.
  • Stroke, or cerebrovascular disease, affects the vessels supplying blood to the brain.
  • Peripheral artery disease affects the vessels supplying blood to the legs.

Other cardiovascular diseases include:

  • Heart failure, occurring when heart is unable to pump properly.
  • Valvular heart diseases, diseases of the heart muscle. (2)

 

Symptoms of cardiovascular diseases

Learn to recognize early warning signs and symptoms that might indicate the presence of cardiovascular diseases. Early detection can make a difference in managing and treating these conditions effectively, and save lives.

Heart attack (1)
– Chest pain
– Pain or discomfort in the arms, the left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back
– Other symptoms: shortness or difficulty in breathing; nausea or vomiting; light-headedness or faintness; cold sweat; turning pale

Stroke (1)
– Sudden weakness of the face, arm, or leg, most often on one side of the body
– Other symptoms include sudden onset of numbness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body; confusion, difficulty speaking or understanding speech; difficulty seeing with one or both eyes; difficulty walking, dizziness and/or loss of balance or coordination; severe headache with no known cause; fainting or unconsciousness

When to see a doctor?

If you are experiencing symptoms (see abovementioned symptoms section), seek medical care immediately. (1)

Call an ambulance immediately if you have chest pain for more than 10 minutes.
Do not travel to the hospital yourself as your nearest hospital may not be equipped to treat a heart attack 24/7. (2)

It is important to detect cardiovascular disease as early as possible so that management with counselling and medicines can begin. If you have concerns about your risk of developing a cardiovascular disease or any other health issues, speak with your doctor or healthcare provider.

Treatment

Depending on the condition, treatments for cardiovascular disease vary, and can include (1):

Basic medicines such as aspirin, beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and statins.

Lifestyle modifications such as diet, exercise, and usage of alcohol and tobacco.

Medical devices such as pacemakers, prosthetic valves, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), and patches for closing holes in the heart.

Sometimes, surgical operations are required to treat CVDs.

How to prevent health burden?

The greatest gift you can give yourself and your loved ones is a healthy you. Take care of your body and focus on living the highest quality of life you can through your daily choices.

At Acino, we have longstanding knowledge which we want to share with you. Explore our materials to raise your awareness, and make decisions to stay healthy and improve your quality of life.

Reduce your risk

Leading environmental, metabolic, and behavioral risks include (3):

  • air pollution
  • high blood pressure
  • high cholesterol
  • overweight and obesity
  • high blood glucose
  • kidney dysfunction
  • dietary risks
  • tobacco smoking
  • high alcohol use
  • low physical activity

As many as 80% of all heart attacks and strokes are preventable (1). Your risk can be reduced by focusing on preventative interventions  such as addressing lifestyle changes including:

Be physically active

  • Take the stairs instead of the lift.
  • Walk or use a bicycle even for short distances.
  • Incorporate physical activity into a daily routine.

Eat healthily. Restrict the fat, sugar and salt content of processed food.

Quit or never start smoking. All types of smoking and passive smoking.

Limit alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (2).

In addition, drug treatment of hypertension, diabetes and high blood lipids are necessary to reduce cardiovascular risk and prevent heart attacks and strokes among people with these conditions. (1)

Help us raise awareness

Download our roll ups (Eat well, Get active, Stop smoking) and poster, and spread the word.

Join us on Facebook and let’s talk cardiovascular diseases, especially during the World Heart Day (WHD) on 29 September every year.

Last update: 12 September 2023

References
1. World Health Organization, Fact Sheets – Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Published 11 June, 2021. Accessed 12.09.2023
2. The European Society of Cardiology. Heart Disease. Healthy-Heart.org. https://www.healthy-heart.org/your-heart/what-is-heart-disease/. Accessed 06.09.2023
3. Lindstrom M, DeCleene N, Dorsey H, et al. Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases and Risks Collaboration, 1990-2021. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2022;80(25):2372-2425. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2022.11.001

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