As a global pharmaceutical company committed to improving patients’ lives, Acino aims to inform and provide actionable advice to help you take control of your cardiovascular health.
Cardiovascular diseases, or diseases of heart and vessels, have collectively remained the leading causes of death worldwide.
of cardiovascular deaths are due to heart attack and stroke (1)
of all global deaths are due to diseases of heart and vessels (1)
Cardiovascular diseases are disorders involving the heart and blood vessels. They include atherosclerotic diseases, in which blood vessels are progressively obstructed by fatty deposits called plaques. There are different types of atherosclerotic diseases according to which blood vessels are obstructed:
Other cardiovascular diseases include:
If you are experiencing symptoms (see abovementioned symptoms section), seek medical care immediately. (1)
Call an ambulance immediately if you have chest pain for more than 10 minutes.
Do not travel to the hospital yourself as your nearest hospital may not be equipped to treat a heart attack 24/7. (2)
It is important to detect cardiovascular disease as early as possible so that management with counselling and medicines can begin. If you have concerns about your risk of developing a cardiovascular disease or any other health issues, speak with your doctor or healthcare provider.
Depending on the condition, treatments for cardiovascular disease vary, and can include (1):
Basic medicines such as aspirin, beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and statins.
Lifestyle modifications such as diet, exercise, and usage of alcohol and tobacco.
Medical devices such as pacemakers, prosthetic valves, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), and patches for closing holes in the heart.
Sometimes, surgical operations are required to treat CVDs.
The greatest gift you can give yourself and your loved ones is a healthy you. Take care of your body and focus on living the highest quality of life you can through your daily choices.
At Acino, we have longstanding knowledge which we want to share with you. Explore our materials to raise your awareness, and make decisions to stay healthy and improve your quality of life.
Leading environmental, metabolic, and behavioral risks include (3):
Be physically active
Eat healthily. Restrict the fat, sugar and salt content of processed food.
Quit or never start smoking. All types of smoking and passive smoking.
Limit alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (2).
In addition, drug treatment of hypertension, diabetes and high blood lipids are necessary to reduce cardiovascular risk and prevent heart attacks and strokes among people with these conditions. (1)
Last update: 12 September 2023
1. World Health Organization, Fact Sheets – Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Published 11 June, 2021. Accessed 12.09.2023
2. The European Society of Cardiology. Heart Disease. Healthy-Heart.org. https://www.healthy-heart.org/your-heart/what-is-heart-disease/. Accessed 06.09.2023
3. Lindstrom M, DeCleene N, Dorsey H, et al. Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases and Risks Collaboration, 1990-2021. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2022;80(25):2372-2425. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2022.11.001